A Proper Receipt Creates A Warehouse Lien

We are constantly being asked by NVOCCs, forwarders and warehousemen whether they have a legitimate lien on the cargo in their possession, such that that they can hold the freight until being paid.  The answers are not simple: you only have a lien on freight if it was  a)given to you by the cargo owner; or b) given to you by statute.  

Warehousemen have a statutory lien, which is generally the same throughout the country under the Uniform Commercial Code.  We will discuss Florida’s implementation of the UCC provision.  This is a simple outline of how to make certain that your warehouse receipt is compliant with Florida Statutes, and thus obtains for a warehouseman the full privileges the law can provide. Following the guidelines below should ensure that you obtain the full statutory warehouseman’s lien.

The general form that a warehouse receipt takes is in accordance with the following (Florida Statutes 677.202):

(1) A warehouse receipt need not be in any particular form.

(2) Unless a warehouse receipt embodies within its written or printed terms each of the following, the warehouseman is liable for damages caused by the omission to a person injured thereby (i.e., if you fail to include the following, you can be subject to loss of lien rights):

(a) The location of the warehouse where the goods are stored;

(b) The date of issue of the receipt;

(c) The consecutive number of the receipt;

(d) A statement whether the goods received will be delivered to the bearer, to a specified person, or to a specified person or his or her order;

(e) The rate of storage and handling charges, except that where goods are stored under a field warehousing arrangement a statement of that fact is sufficient on a nonnegotiable receipt;

(f) A description of the goods or of the packages containing them;

(g) The signature of the warehouseman, which may be made by his or her authorized agent;

(h) If the receipt is issued for goods of which the warehouseman is owner, either solely or jointly or in common with others, the fact of such ownership; and

(i) A statement of the amount of advances made and of liabilities incurred for which the warehouseman claims a lien or security interest (Florida Statutes 677.209). If the precise amount of such advances made or of such liabilities incurred is, at the time of the issue of the receipt, unknown to the warehouseman or to his or her agent who issues it, a statement of the fact that advances have been made or liabilities incurred and the purpose thereof is sufficient.

-For the purposes of this section, you will want to include a statement saying that you retain a lien on all goods stored by you for the bailor (customer), regardless of whether or not they are those goods listed on this particular warehouse receipt.

In addition to the above listed provisions, it is advisable that you include a provision that advises your customers that they have the option to purchase additional insurance or to obtain insurance through a provider of their own choice.   Note that nothing in the above addresses limitation of liability, an entirely different topic.

For more information on this topic please contact our offices at 800-583-0250.

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